Carte run et villes

General Information on Reunion Island.

Reunion is a volcanic island of Indian Ocean situated in the archipelago of Mascareignes, in 800 km from
Madagascar and 200 km from Mauritius. 
It aroses from two major volcanic events: The emergence of the Piton des Neiges (3072m) and the formation 
of Le Piton de la Fournaise 380,000 years ago which is always in service.  It shelters also three cirques; 
Salazie, Mafate and Cilaos, dug by the erosion.  Its surface is of 2512 Km2.   Its capital is St Denis and 
the people speak French and Creole there. 
Desert during its discovery by the Westerners, the island presents an original mixture of pomulation.
Near a quarter of the inhabitants of Reunion are native of the Indian sub-continent.  The island also counts 
minorities’ native of China or descendants of Africa.   Approximately 6% of its population is constituted by 
French from France.  The biggest community is the Creoles (40%) descendants of family most formerly 
implanted on the island.  The population represents 800,000 inhabitants today. 

   Architecture case creole027 credit irt emmanuel virin   Aeroport022 credit irt cedric etienne  Pic of st anne church  Religion chinoise pagode credit irt emmanuel virin  Religion catholique cathedrale credit irt emmanuel virin

Reunion Island is a real Garden of Eden, with many endemic plants and animals.  In spite of human 
activity, 30% of the natural environments of Reunion Island have remained intact Reunion Island is 
an explosion of colours and scents in every respect.  The bird life has twenty indigenous species, 
of which six are endemic.   The typical endemic species is the “Paille-en-queue”,  that is settled 
at the cliffs and can be seen in the sky every day.  The diversity of the climates of the Reunion Island 
creates different micro-regions with different Eco-systems.   The most beautiful plant is undoubtedly the 
orchid of which the island offers more than 100 species such as the vanilla orchid, the unique edible 
orchid which gives many dishes an irreplaceable taste. 

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At Reunion Island you will have the opportunity to experience a variety of terrestrial and marine wildlife, 
such as the ‘tangue’’ (a hedgehog species originating from Madagascar), the ’’zourite’’ (an octopus 
which is a delicacy at Reunion Island) and many others...  The best way of experiencing the flora and 
fauna of Reunion Island is hiking.   

There are many many possibilities to go hiking for beginners and advanced learners. 
     Gastronomie plats rougail saucisse02 credit irt studio lumiere dts 03 2016    Gastronomie plats creole credit irt studio lumiere dts 03 2016   Img 214   Img 0214